The wildly popular Harry Potter books feature a drink — the alcoholic nature of which is purposefully vague — called Butterbeer. In the Harry Potter
"I do not say that [Napoleon’s army] cannot come. I simply say that they cannot come by sea. —Lord Saint Vincent to the House of Lords, c. 1803. Tonight, I was a little overeager to do a path worki…
An approximately 1000-word piece on my blog about a druidic thing I tried to do tonight, its failure, and the insight that opened. It felt important to say, as it’s about the challenges and difficulties of opening the heart and mind between here and there, in a spiritual/astral/metaphysical sense… , kushl0rd gray cloak, theheadlesshashasheen, thecabalproject, you may all be interested…
Out of curiosity: do you have to open and close all the portals? Would it be possible to just go take a nap in a park and then engage in spirit flight and head to the astral location of the working?
To do this working? Yes… yes, I think I do. It simply doesn’t work if I don’t. I’ve done other workings, and worked with other spirits, and managed fine with spirit flight and heading to the astral location; but I think the locations of the path workings are essentially closed without authentication procedures before and during and after.
Oh. Yeah. I can see that.
I’ve been there and it sucks. Best wishes for future work on this matter!
Why do the Japanese draw themselves as white?
By Julian Abagond
Why do the Japanese draw themselves as white? You see that especially in manga and anime.
As it turns out, that is an American opinion, not a Japanese one. The Japanese see anime characters as being Japanese. It is Americans who think they are white. Why? Because to them white is the Default Human Being.
If I draw a stick figure, most Americans will assume that it is a white man. Because to them that is the Default Human Being. For them to think it is a woman I have to add a dress or long hair; for Asian, I have to add slanted eyes; for black, I add kinky hair or brown skin. Etc.
The Other has to be marked. If there are no stereotyped markings of otherness, then white is assumed.
Americans apply this thinking to Japanese drawings. But to the Japanese the Default Human Being is Japanese! So they feel no need to make their characters “look Asian.” They just have to make them look like people and everyone in Japan will assume they are Japanese – no matter how improbable their physical appearance.
You see the same thing in America: After all, why do people think Marge Simpson is white? Look at her skin: it is yellow. Look at her hair: it is a blue Afro. But the Default Human Being thing is so strong that lacking other clear, stereotyped signs of being either black or Asian she defaults to white.
When you think about it there is nothing particularly white about how anime characters look:
- huge round eyes – no one looks like that, not even white people (even though that style of drawing eyes does go back to Betty Boop).
- yellow hair – but they also have blue hair and green hair and all the rest. Therefore hair colour is not about being true to life.
- small noses – compared to the rest of the world whites have long noses that stick out.
- white skin – but many Japanese have skin just as pale and white as most White Americans.
Besides, that is not how the Japanese draw white or even Chinese people. The otherness of foreigners is clearly marked by physical stereotypes – just as Americans do with people of colour. In anime White Americans are stereotyped as having yellow hair, blue eyes and a long or big nose:
Gone are the big round eyes and the strange hair colours. Because those things have nothing to do with whiteness.
Note that the Japanese drop the markings of otherness if the action is set in a foreign land, like China or America. In that case the characters are drawn in the regular anime style. Because for that story the Default Human Being is understood.
Some Americans, even some scholars, will argue against this view of anime. They want to think the Japanese worship America or worship whiteness and use anime to prove it. But they seem to be driven more by their own racism and nationalism than anything else.
All images are from Google images; Abagond retains no rights.
Julian Abagond is a middle-class, West Indian, New Yorker; he is also a computer programmer who enjoys ancient Greek. He writes whatever he wants at his blog.
I could easily read Marge Simpson as a light-skinned black woman… but then, there’s Carl.
I’m imagining the soft screams of nonbinary and agender pagans and witches in the background rn
Ugh. ‘soft, yielding feminine and strong thrusting masculine!!!!’ My soul just barfed.
The “why are you interested in working at this company” question is one I particularly loathe, you’re meant to talk about how attractive a company it is… it’s like, ‘let’s just pretend that you could have had a job literally anywhere, and out of all those options you chose this place specifically, for some reason personal to you. Please invent such a reason and convincingly “sell” it to us, because we love listening to your fawning, humiliating lies, even though everyone in the room is completely aware that it’s bullshit and that’s not how looking for a job works.’